Conductive Education: 30 Years On

It is 30 years since Oliver published ‘Conductive Education: if it wasn’t so sad it would be funny’. In this he objected to Conductive Education (CE) as seeking to ‘normalise’ people with physical impairments. He stated that there was no evidence in support of the theoretical underpinning of Conductive Education that ‘under the right conditions the central nervous system will restructure itself’ (Oliver 1989, 197). As an echo of Oliver’s own review of the social model after three decades (Oliver 2013), we consider whether what he suggested was true of CE would stand now. 

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